IP Address Lookup – IP Location Lookup For Any IP Address

An IP address works in helping your device, whatever you are accessing the internet on, to find whatever data or content is located to allow for retrieval.

What Is An IP Address? How Does It Work?

An Internet Protocol (IP) address is the unique identifying number assigned to every device connected to the internet. An IP address definition is a numeric label assigned to devices that use the internet to communicate. Computers that communicate over the internet or via local networks share information to a specific location using IP addresses.

IP addresses have two distinct versions or standards. The Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) address is the older of the two, which has space for up to 4 billion IP addresses and is assigned to all computers. The more recent Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) has space for trillions of IP addresses, which accounts for the new breed of devices in addition to computers. There are also several types of IP addresses, including public, private, static, and dynamic IP addresses.

Every device with an internet connection has an IP address, whether it’s a computer, laptop, IoT device, or even toys. The IP addresses allow for the efficient transfer of data between two connected devices, allowing machines on different networks to talk to each other.

How Does an IP Address Work?

An IP address works in helping your device, whatever you are accessing the internet on, to find whatever data or content is located to allow for retrieval.

Common tasks for an IP address include both the identification of a host or a network, or identifying the location of a device. An IP address is not random. The creation of an IP address has the basis of math. The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) allocates the IP address and its creation. The full range of IP addresses can go from to

With the mathematical assignment of an IP address, the unique identification to make a connection to a destination can be made.

Public IP Address

A public IP address, or external-facing IP address, applies to the main device people use to connect their business or home internet network to their internet service provider (ISP). In most cases, this will be the router. All devices that connect to a router communicate with other IP addresses using the router’s IP address.

Knowing an external-facing IP address is crucial for people to open ports used for online gaming, email and web servers, media streaming, and creating remote connections.

Private IP Address

A private IP address, or internal-facing IP address, is assigned by an office or home intranet (or local area network) to devices, or by the internet service provider (ISP). The home/office router manages the private IP addresses to the devices that connect to it from within that local network. Network devices are thus mapped from their private IP addresses to public IP addresses by the router.

Private IP addresses are reused across multiple networks, thus preserving valuable IPv4 address space and extending addressability beyond the simple limit of IPv4 addressing (4,294,967,296 or 2^32).

In the IPv6 addressing scheme, every possible device has its own unique identifier assigned by the ISP or primary network organization, which has a unique prefix. Private addressing is possible in IPv6, and when it’s used it’s called Unique Local Addressing (ULA).

Static IP Address

All public and private addresses are defined as static or dynamic. An IP address that a person manually configures and fixes to their device’s network is referred to as a static IP address. A static IP address cannot be changed automatically.

Dynamic IP Address

A dynamic IP address is automatically assigned to a network when a router is set up. The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) assigns the distribution of this dynamic set of IP addresses. The DHCP can be the router that provides IP addresses to networks across a home or an organization.

What are the four types of IP addresses

What Is IPv4?

IPv4 is the fourth version of the IP. It is one of the core protocols of the standards-based methods used to interconnect the internet and other networks. The protocol was first deployed on the Atlantic Packet Satellite Network (SATNET), which was a satellite network that formed a segment of the initial stages of the internet, in 1982. It is still used to route most internet traffic despite the existence of IPv6.

IPv4 is currently assigned to all computers. An IPv4 address uses 32-bit binary numbers to form a unique IP address. It takes the format of four sets of numbers, each of which ranges from 0 to 255 and represents an eight-digit binary number, separated by a period point.

IP Address Classes

Some IP addresses are reserved by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). These are typically reserved for networks that carry a specific purpose on the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), which is used to interconnect devices. Four of these IP address classes include:

  1. This IP address in IPv4 is also known as the default network. It is the non-routeable meta address that designates an invalid, non-applicable, or unknown network target.
  2. This IP address is known as the loopback address, which a computer uses to identify itself regardless of whether it has been assigned an IP address.
  3. to A range of addresses that are automatically assigned if a computer is unsuccessful in an attempt to receive an address from the DHCP.
  4. An address dedicated to messages that need to be sent to every computer on a network or broadcasted across a network.

Further reserved IP addresses are for what is known as subnet classes. Subnetworks are small computer networks that connect to a bigger network via a router. The subnet can be assigned its own IP address system, so that all devices connecting to it can communicate with each other without having to send data via the wider network.

The router on a TCP/IP network can be configured to ensure it recognizes subnets, then route the traffic onto the appropriate network. IP addresses are reserved for the following subnets:

  1. Class A: IP addresses between and
  2. Class B: IP addresses between and
  3. Class C: IP addresses between and
  4. Class D or multicast: IP addresses between and
  5. Class E, which are reserved for experimental usage: IP addresses between and

IP addresses listed under Class A, Class B, and Class C are most commonly used in the creation of subnets. Addresses within the multicast or Class D have specific usage rules outlined in the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) guidelines, while the release of Class E addresses for public use was the cause of plenty of debate before the IPv6 standard was introduced.

Internet Addresses and Subnets

The IANA reserves specific IP address blocks for commercial organizations, government departments, and ISPs. When a user connects to the internet, their ISP assigns them an address from within one of the blocks assigned to it. If they only go online from one computer, then they can use the address assigned to it by their ISP.

However, most homes now use routers that share a network connection with multiple devices. So if a router is used to share the connection, then the ISP assigns the IP address to the router, and then a subnet is created for all computers that connect to it.

IP addresses that fall within a subnet have a network and a node. The subnet is identified by the network. The node, also known as the host, connects to the network and needs its own address. Computers separate the network and node via a subnet mask, which filters the appropriate IP address designation. When a large network is set up, the subnet mask that best fits the number of nodes or subnets required is determined.

When it comes to IP addresses within a subnet, the first address is reserved for the subnet, and the final one indicates the broadcast address for the subnet’s systems.

IPv4 vs. IPv6

IPv4 has not been able to cope with the massive explosion in the quantity and range of devices beyond simply mobile phones, desktop computers, and laptops. The original IP address format was not able to handle the number of IP addresses being created.

To address this problem, IPv6 was introduced. This new standard operates a hexadecimal format that means billions of unique IP addresses can now be created. As a result, the IPv4 system that could support up to around 4.3 billion unique numbers has been replaced by an alternative that, theoretically, offers unlimited IP addresses.

That is because an IPv6 IP address consists of eight groups that contain four hexadecimal digits, which use 16 distinct symbols of 0 to 9 followed by A to F to represent values of 10 to 15.

How Do I Locate My IP Address?

Windows computer users can look up their IP address by typing “cmd” into the search tab and hitting Enter, then typing “ipconfig” into the pop-up box. Mac computer users can find their IP address by heading into System Preferences and selecting Network.

To look up an IP address on a mobile phone, users need to head into Settings, then open the Wi-Fi menu and their network menu. The IP address should be listed under the Advanced section, depending on the phone they use.

IP Address vs. MAC Address

When you analyze an IP address vs. a MAC address, you can start with the similarities. For both of these IP address types, you are dealing with a unique identifier with an attachment to that device. The manufacturer of a network card or router is the provider of the MAC address, while the internet service provider (ISP) is the provider of the IP address.

The main difference between the two is that the MAC address is the physical address of a device. If you have five laptops on your home Wi-Fi network, you can identify each of those five laptops on your network via their MAC address.

The IP address works differently as it is the identifier of the connection of the network with that device. Other differences include:

  • A MAC address is a 6-byte hexadecimal address while an IP address is a 4 or 16-byte address.
  • A MAC address is in a data link layer, while an IP address is in a network layer.
  • A third party will have a difficult time finding a MAC address, while it can easily find an IP address.
  • MAC addresses are static, while IP addresses can change dynamically
  • MAC addresses and IP addresses are necessary to get a network packet to a destination. However, no one can see your MAC address unless they are on your LAN.

What Are Security Threats Related to IP Addresses?

A variety of security threats are related to IP addresses. Cybercriminals can deceive devices to either reveal your IP address and pretend they are you or stalk it to track activity and take advantage. Online stalking and social engineering are the two leading security threats existing for IP addresses.

Some of the other security threats to an IP address include:

  1. Allowing a cybercriminal to use your IP address to track your location
  2. Using your IP address to target your network and launch a DDoS attack
  3. Using your IP address to download illegal content

5 Ways to Protect Your IP Address

There are multiple ways to protect your IP address from cybercriminals. Some of these options include:

  1. Use a VPN
  2. Make use of a proxy server
  3. Have your ISP make use of dynamic IP addresses
  4. Employ a NAT firewall to hide your private IP address
  5. Resetting your modem may change your IP address

How Fortinet Can Help

Fortinet can help protect your IP address. Their enterprise-class protection tool, FortiProxy, provides a secure web gateway to help protect against threats born from the internet. This is in addition to protection from advanced web content caching.

Fortinet’s VPN product can also help you establish more secure connections and protect your online identity.


What is the use of an IP address?

An IP address identifies every device connected to the internet. This enables computers and other internet-connected devices, such as mobile phones and Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices, to communicate over the internet and on local-area networks (LANs).

What happens if someone has your IP address?

The chances of being hacked through someone having your IP address is quite low. With an IP address, a user’s location can be narrowed down to a specific area. A skilled cyber criminal could potentially work out who their ISP is and then use phishing attacks to find their personal details. A bigger concern might be IP addresses being sold on the dark web alongside other personal information.

An IP address is more likely to be used by content providers to target the user with content restrictions based on their geographical region. For example, services like Hulu and Netflix read IP addresses to prevent their U.S. content from being accessed by people outside the country.

What are the two types of IP addresses?

The two types of IP addresses are public IP addresses and private IP addresses. A public IP address is the main device people use to connect to the internet, which is typically their router. Private IP addresses are assigned to the devices that connect to the public IP address, such as desktop computers, mobile devices, laptops, printers, smart TVs, and tablets.

What is the 192.168 IP address?

The 192.168 IP address is where the private IP address range begins. This goes all the way through to This IP address is not usually used on a network, and devices like computers and mobile phones will not be assigned it.

What is a loopback IP address?

The loopback IP address is The loopback IP address is used by a computer to identify itself, regardless of whether or not it has been assigned an IP address.

IP Address Lookup – IP Location Lookup For Any IP Address

The free IP address lookup tool determines the geographical location of any IP address. You can search up IP addresses to find details about the addresses. The search results provide quite a bit of information about the IP locations, including:

  • the city
  • the state/region
  • the postal/zip code
  • the country name
  • the Internet service provider (ISP)
  • the time zone

The data, provided by IP2Location and IPData, can be used by various agencies or users to find the owner of an IPv4 or IPv6 address. If you want to learn how to trace an IP address location, using the IP address lookup tool is the best way to do it.

IP address location results

In a search for an IP address location, the results are sometimes a hit or miss. No IP geolocation database is 100% accurate. The results from an IP address search are a collection of data from several IP location databases, and each database reports differently. These variances in data lead to locational information that sometimes isn’t accurate. Your IP address location is what shows up on the IP lookup tool, but it may not be your true location. Additionally, the following factors all affect geolocation data:

  • the location of the IP address registration
  • where the controlling agency (ISP) is located
  • if the user has a proxyconnection
  • if the user has a VPN connection
  • whether the connection is cellular
  • if the user connects to an anonymous browser, like TOR

IP Address Lookukp

For example, if you are in the US and the controlling agency of the IP is located in Canada, the IP address location lookup data may show Canada as the IP location. It is not uncommon to see a Canadian IP while searching an IP address in the northern US while on a mobile device. Similarly, your IP location may appear as a state you’re not in if that’s where your ISP is located.

Though location information you collect might not be completely accurate, combining the data you collect from the location finder can help you narrow down the location to the correct city. From there, you can try using other online tools to find the owner of the IP address. However, note that you can’t find someone’s exact location by IP address. You can use an IP to map out the city, state, or country an IP address comes from, but you won’t be able to track someone down from their IP alone.

How do I look up IP addresses?

If you know the address you want to search in the IP address checker tool, enter it above. The IP address search tool will fulfill the address query in a free trace of the IP address and return the results as detailed above. You can also use an IP location app to look up an IP address or check IP address locations for a mobile device IP address lookup.

Note that when you search IP addresses through the tool above, or use any other tools found when you Google ‘IP address locator,’ the result you get is your public IP address. This is different than your private IP address, which you find through your computer. Read about how to check an IP address in Windows 7, Windows 10, Windows 11, or on an iPad to learn how to find your device’s private IP.

If you want know how to find your IP address, go to the What’s My IP home page to see your IP address as it is listed. This is your public IP; it will also tell you what your IP location is and who your ISP is. Once you have an IP address, you can also do a reverse IP address lookup. A reverse IP lookup queries the IP addresses to return hostnames. With a typical IP lookup, you’d find the IP address of a website or domain, but with a reverse IP address lookup tool, you’d find the domain of an IP. To find the owner of an IP address, use the IP WHOIS lookup tool.

Updating your IP location

If you find that your IP geolocation information is incorrect, you can always reach out to any of our IP location data providers and update your IP address location. Search your IP address in the lookup tool and contact the third-party providers listed in the results.

Allow time for the updates to be made and try using the lookup tool to check your IP address location again to confirm that the information is now correct. You can also confirm updates listed on third-party providers’ websites.

Can you look up someone’s IP address for free?

Yes, using the IP address tracker tool, you can search up addresses and receive the geolocation of an IP address for free. The information you’ll receive often includes the country, state, and city of the located address.

Reporting IP abuse

If you’re looking up an IP address because you’ve become a victim of IP abuse, it’s important to report the IP abuse rather than attempting to handle it yourself. Many times, the owner of the IP address isn’t aware that their computer is being used as a host in an attack; don’t assume that the owner of the IP address is the person behind the abuse.

Perform an IP WHOIS Lookup to get further IP address details, including abuse contact information for IP address owners. You can block the offending IP address, then file a complaint with the authorities or your Internet service provider and allow them to handle the situation.

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